На засіданні кафедри іноземних мов з латинською мовою та медичною термінологією



Дата конвертації12.03.2021
Розмір104 Kb.
ТипПротокол



ЗАТВЕРДЖЕНО

на засіданні кафедри іноземних мов

з латинською мовою та медичною термінологією

Протокол № __ від _____ р.

Завідувачка кафедри

к.пед.н., доц. О.М. Бєляєва ___________





ПІДСУМКОВИЙ МОДУЛЬНИЙ КОНТРОЛЬ

з дисципіни «Іноземна мова (за професійним спрямуванням) М-І (Медична термінологія)

для студентів ІІІ (НТН) курсу медичного факультету №2

Варіант 8

Завдання № 1.



п/п

Завдання

Варіант

відповіді

А

Варіант

відповіді

B

Варіант

відповіді

C

Варіант

відповіді

D

Варіант

відповіді

E

1.

Choose the correct translation. Although we inhale and eat thousands of germs every day, the immune system запобігає them from causing the diseases.

promotes

prevents

propels

penetrates

provides

2.

Choose the correct translation. The antibodies are produced у відповідь на exposure to a foreign substance.

in response to

according to

relate to

attach to

in respond to

3.

Choose the correct translation. Unlike other organs and body parts that enable to move, breathe, eat, or sense the world around us, the endocrine system впливає the body's processes.

manifests

connects

influences

maintains

inserts

4.

Choose the correct translation. The pancreas, for example, secretes the insulin hormone, which enables the body to regulate кількість цукру in the bloodstream.

the weight of sugar

the length of sugar

the volume of sugar

the lack of sugar

the amount of sugar

5.

Choose the correct translation. NIDDM develops in older people and often does not result from нестачі інсуліну but from the inability of the tissues to respond insulin.

excessive insuline

large amount of insulin

significant amount of insulin

a lack of insulin

volume of insulin

6.

Choose the correct translation. In patients with diabetes mellitus поживні речовини are absorbed from the intestine after a meal, but without insulin skeletal muscle, adipose tissue, the liver and other target tissues do not readily take glucose into their cells.

nutrients

wastes

dusts

substances

fluids

7.

Choose the correct translation. The scientists determined the brain was composed of approximately 100 billion neurons, their connections, and підтримуючих клітин, which add up to approximately 3 pounds of tissue.

cartilage cells

supporting cells

target cells

adjacent cells

stem cells

8.

Choose the correct translation. Between the cornea and the iris the anterior chamber lies. This space заповнюється aqueous humor.

is measured by

is attached to

is filled with

is divided into

is composed of

9.

Choose the correct translation. Основна маса очного яблука, which is behind the lens, is formed by the round posterior chamber.

The total of the eyeball

The large weight of the eyeball

The proximal weight of the eyeball

The average weight of the eyeball

The bulk of the eyeball

10.

Choose the correct translation. The middle ear is a small cavity, with the eardrum on one side and the вхід у внутрішнє вухо on the other side.

entrance to the inner ear

appearance to the inner ear

attachment to the inner ear

association to the inner ear

connection to the inner ear

11.

Choose the correct translation. Within the ear there are three small bones (the ossicles) known as the malleus (hammer), incus (anvil), and stapes (stirrup). These bones проводять sound vibrations into the inner ear.

reveal

conduct

detect

observe

suspect

12.

Choose the correct translation. The malleus прикріплюється the lining of the eardrum, the incus is attached to the malleus, and the stapes links the incus to the oval window (the opening to the inner ear).

is divided into

is composed of

is attached to

is associated with

is called

13.

Choose the correct translation. When the person is hot, the sweat on the skin lowers the body's temperature. When the body is chilled, these кровоносні судини звужуються, and the skin becomes pale and cold.

blood vessels become narrowed

blood vessels become wider

blood vessels become blurred

blood vessels become thinned

blood vessels become thickened

14.

Choose the correct translation. As the cells move away from their джерела живлення, they become smaller and flatter, changing into a lifeless protein called keratin.

source of waste

source of appearance

source of connection

source of dust

source of nourishment

15.

Choose the correct translation. Підшкірна клітковина thins and disappears with aging.

Connective tissue

Adipose tissue

Subcutaneous tissue

Brittle tissue

Dense tissue

16.

Choose the correct translation. The primary function of the urinary system is to remove надмірна кількість рідини and waste material from the blood.

the lack of fluid

the deficiency of fluid

the insufficiency of fluid

the excess fluid

the bulk of the fluid

17.

Choose the correct translation. The kidney is surrounded by a renal capsule and a renal fat pad and утримується in place by the renal fascia.

is held

is stored

is kept

is taken

is filled

18.

Choose the correct translation. The urethra is the narrow tube through which the urine leaves the bladder під час сечовипускання.

via urination

through urination

during urination

within urination

due to urination

19.

Choose the correct translation. The signs and symptoms of glomerulonephritis are the following: tea-colored urine, hypertension, затримка рідини, headaches, and generalized aches and pains.

fluid disorder

fluid retention

fluid failure

fluid suppression

fluid detection

20.

Choose the correct translation. As a rule, the person has біль у боці, high fever, vomiting, and burning sensation during urination.

abdomen pain

bowel pain

stomach pain

flank pain

acute pain

21.

Choose the correct translation. Phagocytes are cells that can dissolve or engulf and знищувати viruses, bacteria, fungi, and cells foreign to the body.

destroy

repair

restore

reveal

relief

22.

Choose the correct translation. Different types of endocrine hormones are secreted by different glands (гіпофіз, pancreas, adrenal glands, gonads: ovaries and testicles).

thyroid gland

parathyroid glands

pituitary gland

pineal gland

thymus gland

23.

Choose the correct translation. Glands, which send the chemical substances into ducts leading to external body surfaces, are called exocrine glands. They are mammary, salivary, lacrimal and потові залози.

pineal glands

parathyroid glands

salivary glands

parotid glands

sweat glands

24.

Choose the correct translation. The testes and epididymides розташовані поза порожниною тіла where the temperature is low.


are located outside the body cavity


are located outside the trunk


are separated outside the oral cavity


are divided outside the nasal cavity


are located outside the cavity


25.

Choose the correct translation. In each testis there is a tightly packed mass of coiled tubes оточених захисною капсулою.

separated by a protective capsule


surrounded by a protective capsule


attached by a protective capsule


composed by a protective capsule

subdivided by a protective capsule

26.

Choose the correct translation. Although sperm cells make up only a small portion of the semen, a single ejaculation містить as many as 500 million sperm.

composes


combines


connects


consists

contains


27.

Choose the correct translation. The internal reproductive organs are held in place within the pelvis by групою зв’язок.

a group of ventricles


a group of ducts


a group of joints

a group of ligaments


a group of tandems


28.

Choose the correct translation. Ниркові камені are hard objects found in the pelvis of the kidney.


Renal corpuscles


Kidney stones


Renal tubules


Kidneys diseases


Kidney tumors


29.

Choose the correct translation. Kidney stones are normally small (2 to 3 mm in diameter) з гладкою поверхнею.


with a smooth surface


with a curve surface


with a straitified surface

with a fibrous surface


with a dense surface


30.

Choose the correct translation. The thyroid gland is composed of two lobes з'єднаних by a narrow band of thyroid tissue.

separated

resembled

connected

remained

contained

31.

Choose the correct translation. In patients with diabetes mellitus nutrients are absorbed from the кишечника after a meal, but without insulin skeletal muscle, adipose tissue, the liver and other target tissues do not readily take glucose into their cells.

bladder

intestine

spleen

kidney

skin

32.

Choose the correct translation. Cranial nerves exit from the стовбура мозку to control muscles of the face, eyes, tongue, ears, and throat.

brain cortex

gray matter

trunk

brain stem

pons

33.

Choose the correct translation. Свідомі functions such as speech, memory, and vision are controlled in the cerebral hemispheres.

Vision

Mental

Awareness

Cognition

Conscious

34.

Choose the correct translation. The fluid passes into the anterior chamber through the pupil and then is absorbed into the bloodstream through the canal of Schlemm in the angle where the райдужна оболонка meets the cornea.

iris

cornea

pupil

retina

sclera

35.

Choose the correct translation. Ordinarily, the Eustachian tube is closed, but when the person ковтає або позіхає, it opens to allow an exchange of air, thus equalizing the air pressure within the middle ear and the air pressure outside.

eats or swallows

swallows or yawns

yawns or digests

swallows or propels

propels or swallows


Завдання №2.
Перекладіть українською мовою:

1. the dense network of interconnected neurons – густа мережа ,з’єднаних між собою нейронів

2. to protect the delicate retina from excessive light - для захисту ніжної сітківки від надмірного світла

3. blood vessels in the skin dilate or constrict - кровоносні судини на шкірі розширюються або звужуються

4. acute pyelonephritis can be an immediate threat to life in an elderly or weakened persons – гострий пієлонефрит може бути безпосередньо загрозою для життя людей похилого віку або хворобливих людей

5. to aid the body in recovering from injuries and illnesses - для допомоги організму у відновленні після травм та хвороб

6. large urinary tubes (called calyces) extend to the renal pelvis from the kidney tissue – великі сечові труби ( так звані чашечки) простягаються від ниркової миски з ниркової тканини

7. white blood cells and antibodies help to fight against microscopic germs to keep you free from disease – білі кров’яні тільця і антитіла допомагають боротися проти мікроорганізмів , щоб ви не хворіли

8. the pituitary, thyroid, parathyroid, and gonadal glands influence certain body functions. – гіпофіз, щитоподібна ,паращитоподібна і статеві залози впливають на певні функції організму

9. increased thirst, increased urination, fatigue, nausea, vomiting, skin infections, and bladder infections. – підвищення спрага, підвищене сечовиділення , втома, нудота , блювання , інфекції шкіри, і інфекції сечового міхура



10. equalizing the air pressure within the middle ear and the air pressure outside – вирівнювання повітряного тиску між середнім вухом і зовнішнім середовищем

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