Міністерство охорони здоров’я україни ісаєва О. С

Дата конвертації24.01.2021
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Alzheimer’s disease

the passage of air into and out of the lungs to supply the body with oxygen

Parkinson’s disease

a disorder of the brain resulting in a progressive decline in intellectual and physical abilities and eventual dementia


a progressive chronic disorder of the central nervous system characterized by impaired muscular coordination and tremor


  1. Fill in the gaps with suitable words or word combinations from the box.

cerebrum, temporal lobes, cerebral cortex, cerebral ventricles, meninges, parietal lobe, cerebellum, frontal lobe, occipital lobe, brain stem

  1. The functions of the _________ include reasoning, planning, organizing thoughts, behaviour, sexual urges, emotions, problem-solving, judging, and organizing parts of speech and motor skills (movement).

  2. The different sides of the __________ do different things for the opposite sides of the body.

  3. The _________ is responsible for integrating sensory information from various parts of the body.

  4. There are two _________, each of which are located on each side of the brain; left and right, at about the level of the ears.

  5. The smallest of all the four lobes, the ___________ is located in the rearmost portion of the skull and because of its location, it is not particularly vulnerable to injury, although significant trauma can disrupt the visual-perceptual system.

  6. The _________ is the part of the brain where the high level functions take place. It controls posture, balance, and coordination.

  7. The __________ connects the spinal cord with the spinal cord. It is also the part of the brain where the vital functions occur.

  8. ________ the three membranes (dura mater, arachnoid, pia mater) that envelop the brain and spinal cord.

  9. ________ is the most highly developed part of the human brain and is responsible for thinking, perceiving, producing and understanding language.

  10. There are four ________: the paired lateral ventricles, and the midline third and fourth ventricles.

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