Міністерство охорони здоров’я україни ісаєва О. С



Сторінка388/391
Дата конвертації24.01.2021
Розмір5.7 Mb.
1   ...   383   384   385   386   387   388   389   390   391
root of spinal nerve

radicul/o

rupture

-rhexis

sacrum

sacr/o

saliva, salivary gland

sial/o

same

homo-, homeo-, iso-

sclera (of eye)

scler/o

scanty

oligo-

scrotum

osche/o

sebum, sebaceous gland

seb/o

seizure

-lepsy

self

auto-

semen

semin, sperm/i, spermat/o

seminal vesicle

vesicul/o

sensation

-esthesia, esthesi/o

sense of smell

-osmia

sense of taste

-geusia

separation

dis-, -lysis

sheath

vagin/o

sigmoid colon

sigmoid/o

simulating

-mimetic

skin

derm/o, dermat/o

skull

crani/o

sleep

somn/o, somn/i, hypn/o

slow

brady-

small

micro-

smell (sense of)

-osmia

sodium

natri

softening

malacia

sound

son/o, acous, acus, cus

specialist

-ian, -ician, -ist, -iatrist, -logist

speech

-phasia, -lalia

sperm, spermatozoa

sperm/i, spermat/o

spinal column

vertebr/o

spinal cord

myel/o

spine

rachi/o

spitting

ptysis

spleen

splen/o

splitting

-schisis

stain

chrom/o, chromat/o

stapes

staped, stapedi/o

staphylococcus

staphyl/o

starch

amyl/o

stomach

gastr/o

stone

lith

stoppage

stasis

straight

ortho-

streptococcus

strept/o

structure

morph/o

study of

-logy

stupor

narc/o

sugar

glyc/o, -ose

sudden contraction

spasm

suppression

stasis

surgical creation of an opening

-stomy

surgical fixation

-pexy

surgical removal

-ectomy

surgical repair

-rhaphy

suture

-rhaphy

sweat

hidr/o, idr/o

swelling

edema

synovial joint, synovial membrane

synov/i

tap

centesis

taste (sense of)

-geusia

tear

dacry/o, lacrim/o

teeth

dent/o, denti, odont/o

temperature

therm/o

tendon

ten/o, tendin/o

testis

test/o, orchid/o, orchi/o

thalamus

thalam/o

thick

pachy-

thorax

thorac/o

three

tri-

thrombocyte

thrombcyt/o

through

dia-, per-, trans-

thymus gland

thym/o

thyroid

thyr/o, thyroid/o

time

chron/o

tissue

hist/o, histi/o

tissue death

necrosis

toe

dactyl/o

together

syn-, sym-

tone

ton/o

tongue

gloss/o, lingu/o

tonsil

tonsill/o

tooth

dent/o, dent/i, odont/o

toward

ad-

toxin

tox/o, toxic/o

trachea

trache/o

true

eu-

tube

salping/o

tumor (tumour)

onc/o, -oma

twice

bi-, di-

twisted and swollen vein

varic/o

two

bi-, di-, dipl/o-

tympanic cavity

tympan/o

tympanic

myring/o,

membrane

tympan/o

ultrasound

son/o

unchanging

homo-, homeo-

unconsciousness

narc/o

under

hypo-, sub-

unequal

hetero-

upon

epi-

upright

ortho-

ureter

ureter/o

urethra

urethr/o

urinary bladder

cyst/o, vesic/o

urine, urinary tract, urination

ur/o, -uria

uterus

hyster/o, metr/o,uter/o

uvea

uve/o

vagina

colp/o, vagin/o

valve

valv/o, valvul/o

varied

poikilo-

vas deferens

vas/o

vein

ven/o, ven/i, phleb/o

vein (twisted, swollen)

varic/o

ventricle

ventricul/o

vertebra

spondyl/o, vertebr/o

vessel

angi/o, vas/o, vascul/o

vestibular apparatus, vestibule

vestibul/o

virus

vir/o

vision

opt/o, -opia, -opsia

voice

-phonia

vomiting

emesis

vulva

episi/o, vulv/o

water

hydr/o

white

leuk/o

white blood cell

leuk/o, leukocyt/o

widening

ectasia, ectasis, dilation, dilatation

within

endo-, intra-

without

a-, an-, de-

woman

gyn/o, gynec/o

woman who has given birth

para

work

erg/o

x-ray

radi/o

yellow

xanth/o-

WORD PARTS AND THEIR MEANINGS



Word Part

Meaning




a-

not, without, lack of, absence




ab-

away from




abdomin/o

abdomen




-ac

pertaining to




acous, acus

sound, hearing




acro-

extremity, end




ad-

toward, near




aden/o

gland




adip/o

fat




adren/o

adrenal




adrenocortic/o

adrenal cortex




aer/o

air, gas




-al

pertaining to




algi/o, algesi/o

pain




-algesia

pain




-algia

pain




ambly-

dim




amnio

amnion




amyl/o

starch




an-

not, without, lack of




andr/o

male




angi/o

vessel




an/o

anus




ante-

before




anti-

against




aort/o

aorta




-ar

pertaining to




arter, arteri/o

artery




arteriol/o

arteriole




arthr/o

joint




-ary

pertaining to




-ase

enzyme




atel/o

incomplete




atri/o

atrium




audi/o

hearing




auto-

self




azot/o

nitrogen compound




bacill/i, bacill/o

bacillus




bacteri/o

bacterium




bar/o

pressure




bi-

two, twice




bili

bile




blast/o

immature cell, productive cell




blephar/o

eyelid




brachi/o

arm




brady-

slow




bronch/i, bronch/o

bronchus

bronchiol

bronchiole

bucc/o

cheek

burs/o

bursa

cali, calic

calyx

-capnia

carbon dioxide (level of)

carcin/o

cancer, carcinoma

cardi/o

heart

cec/o

cecum

-cele

hernia, localized dilation

celi/o

abdomen

centesis

puncture, tap

cephal/o

head

cerebell/o

cerebellum

cerebr/o

cerebrum

cervic/o

neck, cervix

cheil/o

lip

cheir/o, chir/o

hand

chem/o

chemical

cholangi/o

bile duct

chol/e, chol/o

bile, gall

cholecyst/o

gallbladder

choledoch/o

common bile duct

chondr/o

cartilage

chori/o, choroid/o

choroid

chrom/o, chromat/o

color (colour), stain

chron/o

time

circum-

around

clasis, -clasia

breaking

clitor/o, clitorid/o

clitoris

coccyd/o, coccy

coccyx ear

cochle/o

cochlea (of inner ear)

col/o, colon/o

colon

colp/o

vagina

contra-

a against

corne/o

cornea

conic/o

outer portion, cerebral cortex

cost/o

rib

crani/o

skull

cry/o

cold

crypt/o

hidden

cus

sound, hearing

cyan/o

blue

cycl/o

ciliary body, ciliary muscle (of eye)

cyst/o

urinary bladder

-cyte, cyt/o

cell

dacry/o

tear, lacrimal apparatus

dacryocyst/o

lacrimal sac

dactyl/o

finger, toe

de-

down, without, removal, loss

dent/o, dent/i

tooth, teeth

derm/o, dermat/o

skin

-desis

binding, fusion

dextr/o-

right

di-

two, twice

dia-

through

dilation, dilatation

expansion, widening

dipl/o-

double

dis-

absence, removal, separation

duoden/o

duodenum

dys-

abnormal, painful, difficult

ectasia, ectasis

dilation, dilatation

ecto-

out, outside

-ectomy

excision, surgical removal

edema

accumulation of fluid, swelling

electr/o

electricity

embry/o

embryo

emesis

vomiting

-emia

blood

encephal/o

brain

endo-

in, within

endocrin/o

endocrine

enter/o

intestine

epi-

upon, over

epididym/o

epididymis

episi/o

vulva

erg/o

work

erythr/o

red, red blood cell

esophag/o

ooesophagus

-esthesia, esthesi/o

sensation

eu-

true, good, easy, normal

ex/o

away from, outside

extra-

outside

fasci/o

fascia

ferr/i, ferr/o

iron

fet/o

fetus

fibr/o

fibre

-form

like, resembling

galact/o

milk

gangli/o, ganglion/o

ganglion

gastr/o

stomach

gen, genesis

origin, formation

-geusia

sense of taste

gingiv/o

gums

gli/o

neuroglia

glomerul/o

glomerulus

gloss/o

tongue

gluc/o

glucose

glyc/o

sugar, glucose

gnath/o

jaw

-gram

record of data

-graph

instrument for recording data

-graphy

act of recording data

gravida

pregnant woman

gyn/o, gynec/o

woman

hem/o, hemat/o

blood

hemi-

half, one side

-hemia

blood

hepat/o

liver

hetero-

other, different, unequal

hidr/o

sweat, perspiration

hist/o, histi/o

tissue

homo-, homeo-

same, unchanging

hydr/o

water, fluid

hyper-

over, excess, increased, abnormally high

hypn/o

sleep

hypo-

under, below, decreased, abnormally low

hypophys

pituitary, hypophysis

hyster/o

uterus

-ia

condition of

-ian

specialist

-ia/sis

condition of

-iatrics

field of medicine

-iatrist

specialist

-iatry

field of medicine

-ic

pertaining to

-ical

pertaining to

-ician

specialist

idr/o

sweat, perspiration

-ile

pertaining to

ile/o

ileum

ili/o

ilium

im-

not

immun/o

immunity, immune system

in-

not

infra-

below

in/o

fibre

insul/o

pancreatic islets

inter-

between

intra-

in, within

ir-, irit/o, irid/o

iris

-ism

condition of

iso-

equal, same

-ist

specialist

-it is

inflammation

jejun/o

jejunum

juxta-

near, beside

kali

potassium

kary/o

nucleus

kerat/o

cornea, keratin, horny layer of skin

kine, kinesi/o, kinet/o

movement

labi/o

lip

labyrinth/o

labyrinth (inner ear)

lacrim/o

tear, lacrimal apparatus

lact/o

milk

-lalia

speech, babble

lapar/o

abdominal wall

laryng/o

larynx

lent/i

lens

-lepsy

seizure

leuk/o-

white, colorless, white blood cell

leukocyt/o

white blood cell

-lexia

reading

lingu/o

tongue

lip/o

fat, lipid

lith

calculus, stone

-logy

study of

lumb/o

lumbar region, lower back

lymphaden/o

lymph node

lymphangi/o

lymphatic vessel

lymph/o

lymph, lymphatic system, lymphocyte

lymphocyt/o

lymphocyte

lysis

separation, loosening, dissolving, destruction

-lytic

lysing, destroying

macro-

large, abnormally large

mal-

bad, poor

malacia

softening

mamm/o

breast

mania

excited state, obsession

mast/o

breast

medull/o

inner part, medulla oblongata

mega-, megalo-

large, abnormally large

-megaly

enlargement

melan/o-

black, dark, melanin

mening/o, meninge/o

meninges

men/o, mens

month, menstruation

mes/o

middle

-meter

instrument for measuring

metr/o

measure

metr/o

uterus

-metry

measurement of

micro-

small, one millionth

-mimetic

mimicking, simulating

mon/o

one

morph/o

form, structure

muc/o

mucus, mucous membrane

multi-

many

muscul/o

muscle

myc/o

fungus, mold

myel/o

bone marrow, spinal cord

my/o

muscle

myring/o

tympanic membrane

myx/o

mucus

narc/o

stupor, unconsciousness

nas/o

nose

nat/i

birth

natri

sodium

necrosis

death of tissue

neo-

new

nephr/o

kidney

neur/o, neur/i

nervous system, nerve

noct/i

night

normo-

normal

nulli

none

nyct/o

night, darkness

ocul/o

eye

odont/o

tooth, teeth

-odynia

pain

-oid

like, resembling

olig/o-

few, scanty, deficiency of

-oma

tumor (tumour)

onc/o

tumor (tumour)

onych/o

nail

oo

ovum

oophor/o

ovary

ophthalm/o

eye

-opia

eye, vision

-opsia

vision

opt/o

eye, vision

orchid/o, orchi/o

testis

or/o

mouth

ortho-

straight, correct, upright

osche/o

scrotum

-ose

sugar

-o/sis

condition of

-osmia

sense of smell

oste/o

bone

ot/o

ear

-ous

pertaining to

ovari/o

ovary

ov/o

ovum

-oxia

oxygen (level of)

oxy

oxygen, sharp, acute

pachy-

thick

palat/o

palate

palpebr/o

eyelid

pan-

all

pancreat/o

pancreas

papill/o

nipple

para-

near, beside

para

woman who has given birth

parathyr/o, parathyroid/o

parathyroid

paresis


Поділіться з Вашими друзьями:
1   ...   383   384   385   386   387   388   389   390   391


База даних захищена авторським правом ©res.in.ua 2019
звернутися до адміністрації

    Головна сторінка