Міністерство охорони здоров’я україни ісаєва О. С


IV. Find the synonyms in the box to the words that follow



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IV. Find the synonyms in the box to the words that follow.


haemorrhage, disorder, state, site, injury, sterility,

result, tumour, lack, malfunction




  1. deficiency –

  2. condition –

  3. infertility –

  4. failure –

  5. damage –

  6. consequence –

  7. location –

  8. bleeding –

  9. swelling –

  10. disturbance –


V. Arrange the following words in pairs of antonyms.

  1. deficiency

  1. succeed

  1. congenital

  1. rare

  1. bright

  1. subsequently

  1. balance

  1. trivial

  1. major

  1. recover

  1. common

  1. shortage

  1. damage

  1. abundance

  1. excess

  1. acquired

  1. previously

  1. minor

  1. fail

  1. dark

  1. significant

  1. imbalance



VI. Choose the correct word(s) to complete each sentence.

  1. A reproductive system disease is a disease that impairs / precipitates the ability to reproduce.

  2. Primary amenorrhoea is the abnormal arrest / delay of menstrual cycle, and secondary amenorrhoea happens in women who have not reached premenopausal age.

  3. Cervical erosion is the condition in which ulcers / scales are formed in the cervix region.

  4. Endometriosis occurs when tissues resembling the covering / lining of the uterus are found in other places of the body, including the fallopian tubes, the rectal-vaginal septum and the bladder.

  5. Cured / Untreated pelvic inflammatory diseases can damage the fallopian tubes, ovaries, and uterus, which can lead to chronic pelvic pain and serious damage to the reproductive system.

  6. A direct physical injury to testes or other internal disturbances are usually the cause of priapism / stones.

  7. Prostate disorders refer to prostate gland, which is a major / minor functional gland in men.

  8. The enlargement / constriction of prostate can block the flow of urine and lead to urinary problems.

  9. Most frequent cause of fertility / infertility in males is low sperm count or a large proportion of abnormal sperm.


VII. Say whether the following statements are true or false. Comment upon your answer.

  1. Amenorrhoea is the abnormal absence of menstruation or menstrual periods.

  2. Cervical erosion is a pale raw-looking granular appearance on one or both sides of the fallopian tubes.

  3. Causes of infertility include certain diseases and aging.

  4. Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) is an infection of a woman’s pelvic organs.

  5. Pelvic inflammatory disease never develops as the result of spread of a sexually transmitted disease.

  6. In endometriosis, the endometrial tissue that covers the outside of the uterus, grows inside the uterus and attaches to other organs in the abdominal cavity.

  7. Endometriosis is a regressive disease that tends to get better over time and can not reoccur after treatment.

  8. Male infertility refers to the inability of a male to achieve a pregnancy in a fertile female.

  9. True gynaecomastia results from growth of the glandular, or breast tissue, which is widespread in both sexes.

  10. A hydrocele, a soft swelling surrounding and enveloping the testicle, is caused by an abnormal collection of watery fluid in the sac around the testicle.

  11. Symptoms of priapism include a brief, but rather painful erection without sexual stimulation.

  12. Young men are rarely affected by prostate disorders.




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