Міністерство охорони здоров’я україни ісаєва О. С



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Grammar: Tense Revision


Tense revision (Active Voice)

Tense

Affirmative/Negative/

Question

Signal Words

Present Indefinite

A: He speaks./N: He does not speak./
Q: Does he speak?

always, every, never, normally, often, seldom, sometimes, usually,once a day, twice a month, on Tuesdays

Present Continuous

A: He is speaking./N: He is not speaking./Q: Is he speaking?

at the moment, now, at present

Present Perfect

A: He has spoken./N: He has not spoken./Q: Has he spoken?

already, ever, just, never, yet, so far, recently, lately, today, this week, this year, this morning, this afternoon

Present Perfect Continuous

A: He has been speaking./N: He has not been speaking./Q: Has he been speaking?

all day, for 4 years, since 1993, how long?

Past Indefinite

A: He spoke./N: He did not speak./Q: Did he speak?

yesterday, 2 minutes ago, in 1990, the other day, last Friday

Past Continuous

A: He was speaking./N: He was not speaking./Q: Was he speaking?

when, while, as long as

Past Perfect

A: He had spoken./N: He had not spoken./Q: Had he spoken?

already, just, never, not yet, once, until that day

Past Perfect Continuous

A: He had been speaking./N: He had not been speaking./Q: Had he been speaking?

for, since, the whole day, all day

Future Indefinite

A: He will speak./N: He will not speak./Q: Will he speak?

in a year, next …, tomorrow

Future Continuous

A: He will be speaking./N: He will not be speaking./Q: Will he be speaking?

in one year, next week, tomorrow

Future Perfect

A: He will have spoken./N: He will not have spoken./Q: Will he have spoken?

by Monday, in a week

Future Perfect Continuous

A: He will have been speaking./N: He will not have been speaking.Q: Will he have been speaking?

for, since


I. Put the verb in the brackets in the correct verb form.

              1. Students (to have) anatomy twice a week.

              2. The doctor (to finish) just his morning ward-rounds.

              3. We are the second year students. We (to study) at Medical University for 2 years.

              4. Don’t call me at 6 o’clock tonight. I (to read) about the structure of the reproductive system and its functions.

              5. When the doctor entered the ward, the nurse (to give) sedative drops to the postoperative patient.

              6. The male reproductive system (to consist) of external and internal organs.

              7. The professor (to assign) the test in gynaecology by the end of the week.

              8. Ivan (to report) about the operation that he (to see) some days before.

              9. At the moment the gynaecologist (to examine) the vaginal opening of a patient.

              10. The hysterectomy (to start) in two hours.


II. Complete each sentence with the correct verb form. Translate the sentence into Ukrainian.

1. Premenstrual syndrome _________ both physical and emotional symptoms that many girls and women get right before their periods.



a. include b. includes c. have included d. are including

2. Each foot __________ five toes.



a. will have b. have c. have had d. has

3. The student ________ digestion and processing food with salivary glands, oesophagus, stomach, liver, gallbladder, pancreas, intestines, rectum, and anus by 7 o’clock.



a. described b. describes c. was describing d. had described

4. When we entered the lecture-hall, the professor _________ about the structures involved in the transfer of lymph between tissues and the blood stream.



a. told b. was telling c. will tell d. has told

5. Tomorrow at 2 o’clock the students ______ the film about the cell as the basic unit of all living matter capable of independent life.



a. watch b. are watching c. will watch d. will be watching

6. He _______ the article about the integumentary system for 2 hours.



a. is reading b. reads c. has read d. has been reading

7. Don’t shout, we _______ an essay about the stomach as a dilated portion of the alimentary canal.



a. write b. have written c. are writing d. is writing

8. The pituitary also ______ endorphins, chemicals that act on the nervous system to reduce sensitivity to pain.



a. secreted b. secrete c. is secreting d. secretes

9. Yesterday the students __________ that the kidneys perform a wide range of vital functions in the healthy body.



a. find out b. have found out c. found out d. were finding out

10. By the end of this semester we __________ English for 1 year and a half.



a. will learn b. will have learnt c. will have been learning d. will have learn
III. Translate the following sentences into English and identify the tense used in the sentences.



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