Міністерство охорони здоров’я україни ісаєва О. С



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partly

maintenance

disconnect

outside

destruction

internal

independent

entirely

unnecessary

called

lower


IV. Mark an "M" next to any part of a male’s body, an “F" next to any part of a female’s body, or "E" if the part could belong to either a male or a female.

So your choices are "M", "F", and "E”.

_____ 1. Penis

_____ 10. Scrotum

_____ 2. Cervix

_____ 11. Bladder

_____ 3. Vagina

_____ 12. Testicle

_____ 4. Fallopian Tube

_____ 13. Cowper’s Gland

_____ 5. Labia

_____ 14. Urethra

_____ 6. Seminal Vesicle

_____ 15. Epididymis

_____ 7. Ovary

_____ 16. Prostate Gland

_____ 8. Uterus

_____ 17. Anus

_____ 9. Vas Deferens

_____ 18. Clitoris


V. Fill in the following table with the words from the list below.

A. Accessory glands; B. Epididymis; C. Vas deferens (sperm duct); D. Penis; E. Seminiferous tubules; F. Urethra; G. Ovary, H. Fallopian tube, I. Vagina, J. Uterus.

Structure

Description

........

1. Organ that delivers semen to the female reproductive tract.

........

2. Where sperm are produced.

........

3. The tube that carries sperm from the epididymis to the urethra.

........

4. The tube that carries both sperm and urine down the penis.

........

5. Organs that contribute 90% of the semen.

........

6. Tubules where sperm are stored.

........

7. Chamber that houses the developing foetus.

........

8. Canal that receives the penis during copulation.

........

9. Where the ova are produced.

........

10. Duct through which the ovum travels to reach the uterus.


VI. Word hunt.

(a) Give English equivalents of the following words and phrases. Translate the sentences containing them:

Чоловічі статеві органи; ерекція статевого члена; сечовипускний канал; шкірно-м’язовий орган; виробляти та транспортувати сперму; додаткові органи; вивідна судина; у підготовці до виверження; позаду сечового міхура; тазова порожнина; потік сечі; cтатеві органи жінки; зовнішні та внутрішні; шкірні складки; міцні та товсті стінки; могти розширюватися; велика кількість судин і нервів; венозне сплетення; у вигляді лійки; вузький прохід; виробляти яйцеклітини; під час статевого дозрівання; запліднене спермою яйце.



(b) Use these words and phrases in the sentences of your own.
VII. True or false statements. Put “T” next to the true statements and “F” next to the false ones. Correct the false statements.

  1. ____ Generally speaking, testosterone is considered a male sex hormone and oestrogen is considered a female sex hormone.

  2. ____ The scrotum is composed of skin and muscle.

  3. ____ During fertilization, sperm usually meet the ovum in the uterus.

  4. ____ Uterus is the male sex organ.

  5. ____ Semen is the mix of sperm cells and fluids.

  6. ____ The menstrual cycle is a weekly cycle.

  7. ____ Egg cells are made in an ovary.

  8. ____ An egg cell must be fertilized to become an embryo.

  9. ____ A foetus takes nine months to grow and develop in the womb.

  10. ____ Ovulation normally occurs around day 14 of the ovarian cycle.

  11. ____ A fertilized egg is also called a zygote.


VIII. Here are the answers to some questions from the text. What are the questions?

  1. The vas deferens is a long, muscular tube that travels from the epididymis into the pelvic cavity, to just behind the bladder.

  2. The entire male reproductive system is dependent on hormones.

  3. No, they are not. The testes are responsible for making testosterone, the primary male sex hormone, and for generating sperm.

  4. The primary hormones involved in the functioning of the male reproductive system are follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), luteinizing hormone (LH) and testosterone.

  5. The male reproductive anatomy includes internal and external structures.

  6. The zygote is the fertilized egg by the sperm.

  7. No, it couldn’t not. Sexual reproduction couldn't happen without the sexual organs called the gonads.

  8. The cervix has strong, thick walls.

  9. The human female has a reproductive system located entirely in the pelvis.

  10. The baby is pushed out of the uterus, through the cervix, and along the birth canal.

  11. The female gonads produce female gametes (eggs).

  12. These muscles are able to expand and contract to accommodate a growing foetus and then help push the baby out during labour.


IX. Complete the sentences using one of the following medical terms. The first one has been done for you as an example.




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