a temporary blockage of the blood supply to the brain caused by a blood clot and usually lasting ten minutes or less, during which dizziness, blurring of vision, numbness on one side of the body, and other symptoms of a stroke may occur. also called mini-stroke
the sudden death of brain cells in a localized area due to inadequate blood flow
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Stroke is more _____ in older people but unfortunately strokes occur in infants and children as well. This disease is among the top 10 causes of _____ in childhood with the highest mortality in the first 12 ____ of life. Stroke affects approximately 1 in 4,000 ____ . 50-85 per cent of children with stroke will be left with long term problems which may include seizures, physical ____ , speech or learning difficulties. 20-40 per cent of children have recurrent strokes.
The ____ and outcomes of childhood stroke are poorly understood, with little published research. However emerging data suggests that half of the cases are due to blood vessel problems in the ____ , one quarter due to ____ travelling from the heart but no cause can be found in another one quarter of children. Little is also ____ about the secondary prevention of childhood stroke. The purpose of diagnostic evaluation includes confirmation of the presence of a cerebrovascular lesion, exclusion of other types of neurological ____ and identification of _____ of the stroke.