Міністерство охорони здоров’я україни ісаєва О. С



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Post-Text Assignments

  1. Choose the antonym on the right.

normal

difference

life

above

adult

loose

below

abnormal

resemblance

overactive

tight

death

separately

advantageous

unique

juvenile

deficient

tiny

mountainous

together

disadvantageous

abundant

huge

triviality

importance

common

underactive

flat




  1. Complete the following sentences choosing suitable words from the box.




goiters, doctors, butterfly, body’s metabolism, iodine, neck, symptoms, scanning procedure, Graves’ disease, small needle, breathing and swallowing




  1. The thyroid gland is the biggest gland in the _________ .

  2. The thyroid gland takes the shape of a ______ with the two wings being represented by the left and right thyroid lobes which wrap around the trachea.

  3. The thyroid plays an important role in regulating the _____ and calcium balance.

  4. _____ are often removed because of cosmetic reasons or, more commonly, because they compress other vital structures of the neck including the trachea and the oesophagus making ________ difficult.

  5. To produce thyroid hormones, the thyroid gland needs ______ , an element contained in food and water.

  6. To determine how well the thyroid gland is functioning, _____ usually measure the levels of TSH, T4, and T3 in the blood.

  7. If a doctor feels one or more nodules in the thyroid gland, a _______ may be done.

  8. If cancer of the thyroid gland is suspected, doctors use a _______ to obtain a sample of thyroid tissue for study (a biopsy).

  9. The most common cause of hyperthyroidism is _________ .

  10. ___________ of hypothyroidism in children and adolescents differ from those in adults.




  1. Substitute the words in bold type by a word or a combination of words from the text.

  1. The thyroid gland secretes hormones which are essential for maintenance of normal metabolism in the mature body.

  2. The adult gland consists of two relatively flat egg-shaped lobes connected by an isthmus.

  3. The gland is typically larger in females than in males.

  4. The main functional and structural component of the thyroid is the thyroid follicle.

  5. The distinctive biochemical characteristic of thyroid follicular cells is their capacity to concentrate and to utilize food iodide.

  6. The T3 and T4 are first synthesized individually and are then integrated into a much larger molecule known as thyroglobulin.

  7. The capacity to store thyroid hormones inside the follicles as thyroglobulin becomes harmful if a person unintentionally consumes radioactive iodine.

  8. The natural storage of the radioiodine in the follicles concentrates the destructive radiation on the thyroid.

  9. Thyroid hormones control the activities of almost all cells in the human organism.

  10. Excess thyroid hormones may lead to heart problems due to potentiation by thyroid hormone of the effects of epinephrine.






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