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Grammar: To-Infinitive or Gerund after a Verb



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Grammar: To-Infinitive or Gerund after a Verb


Some verbs take a to-infinitive, and others take a gerund.

e.g. They decided to perform an operation Вони вирішили зробити операцію.

e.g. He suggested performing an operation Він запропонував зробити операцію.

Verbs taking only one form

+ to-infinitive

afford

care (want)

grow

offer

seek

agree

choose

happen

omit

seem

aim

claim

have

ought

tend

appear

come

help

plan

threaten

arrange

decide

hesitate

prepare

train

ask

demand

hope

pretend

turn out

attempt

expect

learn

promise

undertake

be

fail

manage

prove

used

be dying

get (succeed)

neglect

refuse

wish


+ gerund


admit

consider

fancy (want)

mention

recommend

advise

delay

finish

mind

resist

allow

deny

give up

miss

resume

anticipate

dislike

imagine

permit

risk

appreciate

enjoy

involve

postpone

save

avoid

escape

justify

practise

stand

can’t help

excuse

keep (on)

put off

suggest

confess

face

leave off

quit

tolerate






      1. Translate and explain the use of to-infinitive in the following sentences.

  1. Hippocrates, the father of medicine, observed in the 4th century BC that “whoever wishes to pursue the science of medicine must first investigate the seasons of the year and what occurs in them”.

  2. We all need fat in our diets – it helps to produce that comfortable feeling of fullness after meals, which delays the return of hunger and discourages overeating.

  3. If you tend to eat, phone-jag, do homework, watch TV, etc. in bed, change your habits and only hit the sheets when you want to sleep.

  4. Although science knows exactly what causes hiccups, a lot of research into the subject has failed to find a reason why some people are afflicted and others are not.

  5. Drinking water often helps to soothe the stomach lining and the phrenic nerve stops being irritated.

  6. If you are dying to develop stones in your gallbladder, enjoy downing a cup of coffee which increases bile flow.

  7. When we listen to relaxing music our breathing tends to slow and our heart rate drops.

  8. These changes help us feel less stressed and can help to lower blood pressure, boost our immune system and ease muscle tension.

  9. Women tend to have less of the enzyme in the stomach which controls the first step in the metabolism of alcohol, thus they get more alcohol going through the small intestine which reaches the brain more rapidly.

  10. A cup of chamomile tea is said to boost the immune system, making it easier for your body to ward off infections; the warmth alone can help unclog your sinuses, too.




      1. Translate and explain the use of gerund in the following sentences.

  1. Avoid drinking too much tea or coffee whilst taking this product; if symptoms persist, consult your doctor.

  2. Doctors admit obesity and being overweight as one of the major health hazards facing the rich nations of the world.

  3. The vast majority of people consider caring about their weight for reasons of fashion and self-esteem rather than because they fear they are likely to risk their long-term health and well-being.

  4. Computer users should avoid sitting in one position for several hours or performing the same hand motions without interruption.

  5. Breathing is holy of holies of our organism; it is the music of our existence from the first cry to the last wheeze. Everything depends on breathing: blood composition, movements, senses, and mind.

  6. Let’s remember that each of us has an “alarm-clock” within him/her and doctors recommend keeping to it when we decide what should be done now and what would be delayed on another time.

  7. We all created equal, the saying goes, but doctors suggest treating patients for coronary heart disease differently between the sexes. Moreover, too many research studies on prevention, diagnostic methods and intervention have been conducted in exclusively male populations.

  8. Put simply, psychotherapy is a way of giving people the freedom to talk about themselves and their problems; that is why more and more British doctors resist prescribing drugs and prefer psychotherapy.

  9. Half the population of Britain has high cholesterol levels. You may escape accumulating cholesterol including garlic in your diet.






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