Міністерство охорони здоров’я україни ісаєва О. С



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Post-Text Assignments

      1. Write down cross-language relations.

A

Лікування, білок, барвник, проба, промені, вияв стадії, зонд, обстеження, добавки, загроза

Staging, examination, treatment, protein, supplements, dye, sample, rays, threat, probe



B

To maintain, to refer, to attach, to numb, to cause, to occur, to involve, to need, to invade, to affect



Tраплятися, проникати, знеболювати, приєднувати, викликати, підтримувати, потребувати, відправляти, впливати, включати


      1. Choose the proper continuation on the right.

These are the stages of stomach cancer:


Stage 0

The tumour has invaded only the submucosa. Cancer cells have spread to 7 to 15 lymph nodes.

Or, the tumour has invaded the muscle layer or subserosa. Cancer cells have spread to 1 to 6 lymph nodes.

Or, the tumour has penetrated the outer layer of the stomach. Cancer cells have not spread to lymph nodes or other organs.



Stage I


Cancer cells have spread to more than 15 lymph nodes.

Or, the tumour has invaded nearby organs and at least 1 lymph node.

Or, cancer cells have spread to distant organs.


Stage II


The tumour has invaded only the submucosa. Cancer cells may be found in up to 6 lymph nodes.

Or, the tumour has invaded the muscle layer or subserosa. Cancer cells have not spread to lymph nodes or other organs.



Stage III


The tumour is found only in the inner layer of the stomach. This stage is also called carcinoma in situ.

Stage IV


The tumour has invaded the muscle layer or subserosa. Cancer cells have spread to 7 to 15 lymph nodes.

Or, the tumour has penetrated the outer layer. Cancer cells have spread to 1 to 15 lymph nodes.

Or, the tumour has invaded nearby organs, such as the liver, colon, or spleen. Cancer cells have not spread to lymph nodes or to distant organs.







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