A 36-year-old man has had midepigastric abdominal pain for the past 3 months. An upper gastrointestinal endoscopy shows a 2-cm, sharply demarcated, shallow ulceration of the gastric antrum. A biopsy specimen of the ulcer base shows angiogenesis, fibrosis, and mononuclear cell infiltrates with lymphocytes, macrophages, and plasma cells. Which of the following terms best describes this pathologic process?
A 5-year-old child reaches up to the stove and touches a pot of boiling soup. Within several hours, there is marked erythema of the skin of the fingers on the child’s right hand, and small blisters appear on the finger pads. Which of the following terms best describes this process?