База тестів крок-1 з патофізіології (пмк-1)



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Test 108

A 63-year-old man develops worsening congestive heart failure 2 weeks after an acute myocardial infarction. An echocardiogram shows a markedly decreased ejection fraction. He dies 1 day later. At autopsy, a section of the infarct shows that the necrotic myocardium has largely been replaced by capillaries, fibroblasts, and collagen. Various inflammatory cells are present. Which of the following inflammatory cell types in this lesion plays the most important role in the healing process?



  1. Macrophages

  2. Plasma cells

  3. Neutrophils

  4. Eosinophils

  5. Epithelioid cells


Test 109

A 10-year-old child developed a sore throat and fever over 24 hours. Physical examination shows pharyngeal erythema and swelling. Laboratory findings include leukocytosis. The child is given acetylsalicylic acid (aspirin). Which of the following features of the inflammatory response is most affected by this drug?



  1. Release of leukocytes from bone marrow

  2. Chemotaxis

  3. Phagocytosis

  4. Emigration of leukocytes

  5. Vasodilation



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