База тестів крок-1 з патофізіології (пмк-1)



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D. Acidosis

E. Alkalosis
48. An adult man presents with systemic arterial pressure drop from 120/70 to 90/50 mm Hg. This resulted in reflex vasoconstriction. Vasoconstriction will be minimal in the following organ:

A. Heart

B. Skin

C. Bowels

D. Skeletal muscles

E. Liver

TESTS OF FINAL MODULE CONTROL 1

НОЗОЛОГИЯ
Test 1

A 49-year-old man has a history of rheumatic endocarditis that results in mitral valve insufficiency. Today he has no complains. On examination his cardiac output is not changed. What is his valve disease referred to as?



  1. Pathological reaction

  2. Pathological process

  3. Disease

  4. Physiological condition

  5. Pathological condition


Test 2

A 12-year-old boy takes part in a sports competition in track and field athletics. On the next day he develops weakness, headache, loss of appetite and rise in body temperature to 37,0oC. Which of the following periods of disease is described?



  1. Period of complications

  2. Period of marked manifestations

  3. Incubation period

  4. Latent period

  5. Prodromal period


Test 3

A 39-year-old patient suffers from gastric ulcer for the last 4 years. Now he has no complains but in autumn and spring periods he develops pain in epigastric region, heartburn and nausea. Determine his present condition as one of the following:



  1. Remission

  2. Acute period

  3. Complication

  4. Pathologic condition

  5. Relapse


Test 4

An 88-year old patient with a severe lung disorder develops Gasping respiration. What terminal condition is this type of respiration a characteristic of?



  1. Agony

  2. Shock

  3. Clinical death

  4. Biological death

  5. Coma


Test 5

A 10-year-old boy complains of weakness, increase in body temperature, and difficulty of breathing at walking. Inflammation of knee joints and signs of heart insufficiency are identified on his examination. He has a history of rheumatic attacks. Which of the described pathological phenomena may be referred to a disease?



  1. Fever

  2. Heart insufficiency

  3. Rheumatism

  4. Inflammation of joints

  5. Arthritis


Test 6

A 12-year-old boy caught a cold. He develops headache, shivering, periodic myalgia, and loss of appetite. What period of disease are these symptoms typical for?



  1. Incubation period

  2. Prodromal period

  3. Sensitization

  4. Period of marked manifestations

  5. Period of primary reactions


Test 7

A 28-year-old woman with suspected acute appendicitis is admitted to a surgical department. On examination, pain in the right iliac region on abdominal palpation is revealed; the Schetkin-Blumberg symptom is positive. Which period of disease is observed in the patient?



  1. Period of marked manifestations

  2. Latent period

  3. Prodromal period

  4. Period of primary reactions

  5. Period of functional disorder


Test 8

At altitude of 4500 m above the sea most individuals develop hyperventilation whereas some others don’t. Which of the following reactions can explain this phenomenon?



  1. Adaptation

  2. Compensation

  3. Decompensation

  4. Stress

  5. Parabiosis


Test 9

A 50-year-old man was treated for duodenum ulcer successfully. But in a few weeks pain in epigastrium, heartburn, and acid eructation are developed again. Determine the occurrence of these symptoms as one of the following:



  1. Remission

  2. Terminal condition

  3. Typical pathological process

  4. Relapse

  5. Latent period


Test 10

Electrodes are placed into a rabbit’s hypothalamus to study brain activity during rabbit’s starvation. Which of the following kinds of experiment is performed?



  1. Vivisection

  2. Biological

  3. Pathological

  4. Chronic

  5. Scientific


Test 11

In 1851 K. Bernard studied disturbances of microcirculation via producing arterial hyperemia on a rabbit’s ear. What experimental technique did he use for that purpose?



  1. Organ removal

  2. Stimulation

  3. Vivisection

  4. Overload

  5. Damage



Test 12

A researcher is going to study a correlation between a degree of blood loss and a change in arterial pressure in animals. What experiment is better to use?



  1. Permanent

  2. Physiological

  3. Acute

  4. Chronic

  5. Prolonged


Test 13

A researcher is going to study some parameters of rat’s circulation at different stages of fever. What kind of experiment should be used for this purpose?



  1. Vivisection

  2. Physiological

  3. Chronic

  4. Subacute

  5. Acute


Test 14

A researcher is going to study in animal models how the exseccive food intake influence metabolism. What kind of experiment can be used for this purpose?



  1. Chronic

  2. Physiological

  3. Observation

  4. Vivisection

  5. Physiological


Test 15

A 60-year old man died as a result of car accident. Which of the following signs indicate biological death?



  1. Absence of movements

  2. Autolysis and cell decay

  3. Unconsciousness

  4. Absence of heart beats

  5. Absence of respiration


Test 16

On X-Ray examination pyloristenosis is revealed in a patient with stomach ulcer. Determine this finding as one of the following:



  1. Pathological reaction

  2. Disease

  3. Pathological process

  4. Pathological state

  5. Typical pathological process




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