База тестів крок-1 з патофізіології (пмк-1)



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A. Hemiplegia

B. Paraplegia

C.Tetraplegia

D. Hyperkinesis

E. Monoplegia
18. Parkinson’s disease is caused by disturbance of dopamine synthesis. What brain structure synthesizes this neurotransmitter?

A. Substantia nigra

B. Globus pallidus

C. Corpora quadrigemina

D. Red nuclei

E. Hypothalamus
Pathophysiology of extreme situation.


  1. After a road accident a victim has tachycardia, arterial blood pressure 130/90 mm Hg, tachypnoe, the skin is pale and dry, excitation of central nervous system is observed. What shock stage is the patient most likely in?

    1. Erectile

    2. Terminal

    3. Torpid

    4. Preshock (compensation stage)

    5. Agony




  1. As a result of a trauma a patient has developed traumatic shock that led to the following disorders: AP is 140/90 mm Hg, Ps is 120 bpm. The patient is fussy, talkative, pale. Such state relates to the following shock phase:

    1. Erectile

    2. Latent period

    3. Terminal

    4. Torpid

    5. -

42. A man has a considerable decrease in diuresis as a result of 1,5 l blood loss.

The primary cause of such diuresis disorder is the hypersecretion of the following

hormone:


  1. Vasopressin

  2. Corticotropin

  3. Natriuretic

  4. Cortisol

  5. Parathormone

43. A 63 year old patient with collapse presentations was delivered to the emergency hospital. A physician has chosen noradrenalin against hypotension. What is its mechanism of action?





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