База тестів крок-1 з патофізіології (пмк-1)

Дата конвертації25.01.2021
Розмір1.62 Mb.
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A. HbS

B. HbF

C. HbA1

D. HbA2

E. HbO2

Hemostasis disorder.

  1. A patient is diagnosed with hereditary coagulopathy that is characterized by factor VIII deficiency. Specify the phase of blood clotting during which coagulation will be disrupted in the given case:

    1. Thromboplastin formation

    2. Thrombin formation

    3. Fibrin formation

    4. Clot retraction

    5. -

  1. After a tourniquet application a patient was found to have petechial haemorrhages. The reason for it is the dysfunction of the following cells:

    1. Platelets

    2. Eosinophils

    3. Monocytes

    4. Lymphocytes

    5. Neutrophils

  2. After implantation of a cardiac valve a young man constantly takes indirect anticoagulants. His state was complicated by hemorrhage. What substance content has

decreased in blood?

    1. Prothrombin

    2. Haptoglobin

    3. Heparin

    4. Creatin

    5. Ceruloplasmin

  1. A 3-year-old boy with pronounced hemorrhagic syndrome doesn’t have antihemophilic globulin A (factor VIII) in the blood plasma. Hemostasis has been impaired at the following stage:

    1. Internal mechanism of prothrombinase activation

    2. External mechanism of prothrombinase activation

    3. Conversion of prothrombin to thrombin

    4. Conversion of fibrinogen to fibrin

    5. Blood clot retraction

  1. A 12-year-old patient has been admitted to a hospital for hemarthrosis of the knee joint. From early childhood he suffers from frequent bleedings. Diagnose the boy’s disease:

    1. Hemophilia

    2. Hemorrhagic vasculitis

    3. Hemolytic anemia

    4. B12 (folic acid)-deficiency anemia

    5. Thrombocytopenic purpura

  1. After pancreatic surgery the patient developed hemorrhagic syndrome with disturbed 3rd stage of blood clotting. What will be the most likely mechanism of the hemostatic disorder?

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