База тестів крок-1 з патофізіології (пмк-1)

A. Amino-acid metabolism B

Дата конвертації25.01.2021
Розмір1.62 Mb.
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A. Amino-acid metabolism

B. Lipidic metabolism

C. Carbohydrate metabolism

D.Water-salt metabolism

E. Phosphoric calcium metabolism

  1. A 62 year old woman complains of frequent pain attacks in the area of her chest and backbone, rib fractures. Her doctor suspected myeloma (plasmocytoma). What of the following laboratory characteristics will be of the greatest diagnostic importance?

    1. Paraproteinemia

    2. Hyperalbuminemia

    3. Proteinuria

    4. Hypoglobulinemia

    5. Hypoproteinemia

  1. Toxic affection of liver results in dysfunction of protein synthesis. It is usually accompanied by the following kind of dysproteinemia:

    1. Absolute hypoproteinemia

    2. Relative hypoproteinemia

    3. Absolute hyperproteinemia

    4. Relative hyperproteinemia

    5. Paraproteinemia

  1. Increased HDL levels decrease the risk of atherosclerosis. What is the mechanism of HDL anti-atherogenic action?

    1. They remove cholesterol from tissues

    2. They supply tissues with cholesterol

    3. They are involved in the breakdown of cholesterol

    4. They activate the conversion of cholesterol to bile acids

    5. They promote absorption of cholesterol in the intestine

  1. A patient underwent a course of treatment for atherosclerosis. Laboratory tests revealed an increase in the antiatherogenic lipoprotein fraction in the blood plasma. The treatment efficacy is confirmed by the increase in:

    1. HDL

    2. VLDL

    3. IDL

    4. LDL

    5. Chylomicrons

  1. A 67-year-old male patient consumes eggs, pork fat, butter, milk and meat. Blood test results: cholesterol - 12,3 mmol/l, total lipids- 8,2 g/l, increased low-density lipoprotein fraction (LDL). What type of hyperlipoproteinemia is observed in the patient?

    1. Hyperlipoproteinemia type IIa

    2. Hyperlipoproteinemia type I

    3. Hyperlipoproteinemia type IIb

    4. Hyperlipoproteinemia type IV

    5. Cholesterol, hyperlipoproteinemia

  1. A 12-year-old patient was found to have blood serum cholesterol at the rate of 25 mmol/l. The boy has a history of hereditary familial hypercholesterolemia, which is caused by the impaired synthesis of the following protein receptors:

    1. Low density lipoproteins

    2. High density lipoproteins

    3. Chylomicrons

    4. Very low density lipoproteins

    5. Intermediate density lipoproteins

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