База тестів крок-1 з патофізіології (пмк-1)



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Дата конвертації25.01.2021
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A. Serous

B. Proliferative

C. Croupous

D. Granulomatous

E. Diphtheritic
35. A 7-year-old child has acute onset of disease: temperature rise up to 38oC, rhinitis, cough, lacrimation, and large-spot rash on the skin. Pharyngeal mucosa is edematous, hyperemic, with whitish spots in the buccal area. What kind of inflammation caused the changes in the buccal mucosa?

A. Suppurative inflammation

B. Fibrinous inflammation

C. Hemorrhagic inflammation

D. Serous inflammation

E. -

Fever

  1. In a patient elevation of body temperature takes turns with drops down to normal levels during the day.The rise in temperature is observed periodically once in four days. Specify the type of temperature curve:

    1. Febris intermittens

    2. Febris continua

    3. Febris reccurens

    4. Febris hectica

    5. Febris remitens



  1. A patient with lobar pneumonia has had body temperature of 39oC with daily temperature fluctuation of no more than 1oC for 9 days. This fever can be characterized by the following temperature curve:

    1. Persistent

    2. Hectic

    3. Remittent

    4. Hyperpyretic

    5. Recurrent




  1. A patient has acute bronchitis. The fever up to 38, 5 C had lasted for a week, now there is a decrease in temperature down to 37, 0 C. Specify the leading mechanism in the 3rd stage of fever:

    1. Peripheral vasodilation

    2. Increased heat production

    3. Development of chill

    4. Increased diuresis

    5. Increased respiratory rate

  2. After transfusion of 200 ml of blood a patient presented with body temperature rise up to 37, 9oC. Which of the following substances is the most likely cause of temperature rise?

    1. Interleukin-1

    2. Interleukin-2

    3. Tumour necrosis factor

    4. Interleukin-3

    5. Interleukin-4




  1. A25-year-old man has spent a long time in the sun under high air humidity. As a result of it his body temperature rose up to 39oC. What pathological process is it?

    1. Hyperthermia

    2. Infectious fever

    3. Hypothermia

    4. Noninfectious fever

    5. Burn disease




  1. A patient with pneumonia has body temperature of 39,2oC. What cells are the main producers of endogenous pyrogen that had caused such temperature rise?



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