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Pathophysiology of the nervous system



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Pathophysiology of the nervous system

#The patient has trophical changes of skinfollowed a cross-cut trauma of the sciatic nerve. What is the mechanism of lesion of the skin?

-Phagocytosis of nerve terminations

-Pain of phantom type

+Stopping of axoplasmatic current

-Destruction of myelinic membrane

-Damage of Ranve’s intercepting

#After the trauma the patient were removed parathyroid glands. Clinically it was shown by sickness, thirst, acute nervimuscular excitability. What ion dysbalance is connected with removing of parathyroid glands?

-Calcium

-Manganese

+Chloride

-Molybdenum

-Zinc

#The man with closed fracture of the hip was hospitalized. The victim was very excited. What mechanism of traumatic shock demands immediate correction?



-Hypoxia

+Pain


-Acidosis

-Intoxication

-Renal failure

#The woman of 68 years old, who had a stroke resulted by absence of voluntary. The movement of both upper and lower right extremities are absent. Tonus of muscles and reflexes are increased. Pathological reflexes are observed. What kind of paralysis is it? -Tetraplegic

-Paraplegic

-Peripheric

+Central

-Reflex


#In the patients suffering from epilepsy, specific centers in the brain cortex occur. They function by the principle of pathological determinant. What is the mechanism of formation of these centers? -Protective inhibition

-Phenomenon of fallout

+Formation of generator of pathological exaltation

-Overexcitation

-Parabiosis

#In the experiment, an animal develops neurosis due to collision of alimentary and defensive reflexes. What kind of somatopathology can develop as a result of neurosis? -Pancreatitis -Glomerulonephritis

+Ulcer of the duodenum

-Hepatitis

-Myocarditis

#The woman with myasthenia, developed disturbance of respiration demanding artificial ventilation of the lungs. What respiratory insufficiency?

-Obstructive

-Central

-Thoraco-diaphragmal

+Neuromuscular

-Restructive

#4 months ago the left leg of 43 years old patient, was amputated after trauma. Now he complains of sensation of presence of amputated extremity and constant, severe, sometimes intolerable pain in it. What kind of pain has the patient?

+Phantom -Causalgia

-Neuralgia

-Thalamic

-Reflex


#After a road accident the trauma of the brachium with incomplete rupture of the median nerve was diagnosed in the patient. Besides disorders of the motor and sens functions, the patient complains of sharp, stinging, intolerable pain. What kind of pain is it?

-Somatic -Projective

-Reflected

-Phantom

+Causalgia

#In experiment a part of the brain of the animal has been removed. As a result asynergia, atonia and dysmetria developed. What part of the brain was removed?

-Mesencephalon

-Frontal part

-Parietal part

+Cerebellum

-Reticular formation

#Myocardial infarction was diagnosed in the patient complaining of pain in the region of the left scapula. What kind of is pain it?

-Phantom

-Visceral

+Irradiating (reflected)

-Early (protopathic)

-Late (epycritical)

Введення знеболюючого пацiєнту перед екстракцiєю зуба призвело до розвитку анафiлактичного шоку, який супроводжувався розвитком олiгурiї. Який патогенетичний механiзм зумовив зменшення дiурезу в данiй клiнiчнiй ситуацiї?

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  4. Зменшення кiлькостi функцiонуючих нефронів

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