Which one of the listed changes correctly describes the pathophysiology involved in the production of pulmonary edema in patients with congestive heart failure?
Decreased plasma oncotic pressure
Increased hydrostatic pressure
Increased vascular permeability
A 45- year old woman complains of general weakness, dyspnea, palpitation, feet edema. The patient’s examination reveals cyanosis of the lips, feet edema and ascitis. Her blood pressure is 140/90 mmHg. Total serum protein - 70 g/L. Which of the followins mechanisms is the leading one in edema development?